[cabfpub] Draft CAA motion (2)
jeremy.rowley at digicert.com
Thu Nov 10 18:07:49 UTC 2016
Creating issuing CAs requires a key ceremony (Section 220.127.116.11), meaning there is a lot more preparation and process involved in creating a technically constrained CA. (admittedly, this depends on the CA’s interpretation of “generated for a subordinate CA that is not the operator of the Root CA or an Affiliate of the Root CA”). The nature of a root ceremony necessarily creates additional processes and rigor that confirms the identity of the key holder. There’s a lot more effort that goes into it.
From: Public [mailto:public-bounces at cabforum.org] On Behalf Of Steve Medin via Public
Sent: Thursday, November 10, 2016 10:11 AM
To: CA/Browser Forum Public Discussion List <public at cabforum.org>
Cc: Steve Medin <Steve_Medin at symantec.com>
Subject: Re: [cabfpub] Draft CAA motion (2)
The same effort that goes into validating a domain to be placed into a name constraint can/does go into validating a domain to add it to a CA’s explicit permit list in their relationship account/portal/managed services software.
Given the dynamic name space of large organizations that all consume TLS certificates via relationship accounts, portals, and contracts, creating a name-constrained subordinate CA for each customer then keeping up with their domain realty is not a concession to my request.
Name-constrained subordinates have value when they leave CA premises for remote operation. When a customer has a managed services account, technical constraints can be implemented that do not require the rigidity of name constraints or the weekly subordinate CA regeneration activities that lead to far more frequent than necessary root private key events.
For several CAs, contracts and software-constrained portals that routinely pass audits are the vast majority of their issuance. If we’re going to allow CAA bypass with technical constraints, then we should leave 7.1.5 as is but in the context of CAA expand to include software-enforced explicit permit domain lists resulting from adherence to the BR domain validation rules and successful audit review.
From: Public [mailto:public-bounces at cabforum.org] On Behalf Of Gervase Markham via Public
Sent: Thursday, November 10, 2016 9:26 AM
To: CABFPub <public at cabforum.org <mailto:public at cabforum.org> >
Cc: Gervase Markham <gerv at mozilla.org <mailto:gerv at mozilla.org> >
Subject: [cabfpub] Draft CAA motion (2)
Here's a second version of the draft motion to make CAA mandatory. Changes are:
* Change "10 minutes" to "CAA record TTL, or 1 hour, whichever is greater". This allows CAs to request as much time as they like from subscribers (by setting the TTL), but sets a lower bound so they don't have to issue in 3 seconds if someone sets a silly TTL.
* Change "for all domains in the certificate" to "for each dNSName in the subjectAltName extension of the certificate to be issued".
* Remove "after all other validation has been completed, ".
* Allow opting-out of CAA checking for CT certs if the precert was checked.
* Allow opting-out of CAA checking for Technically Constrained sub-CAs where it's a contractual provision.
* Change the DNSSEC provision to be "the zone does not have a DNSSEC validation chain to the ICANN root".
* Remove "CAs MUST keep records of the responses to all CAA DNS requests.".
* Changed "log" to "document" in the section on feeding back to the CAB Forum.
* Clarify the sentence about Issuer Domain Names by adding 'in CAA "issue" or "issuewild" records'.
* Rejig the wording of section 2.2, as there are now exception possibilities.
Would anyone like to suggest the appropriate section of the BRs to which the first section of text should be added?
I also propose that the effective date of this change (written into the new section 2.2) should be six months after the voting period ends. I am proposing six months rather than three because it requires a reasonable amount of development work within a CA's infrastructure.
Ballot XXX - Make CAA Checking Mandatory
The following motion has been proposed by Gervase Markham of Mozilla and endorsed by XXX of XXX and XXX of XXX:
Statement of Intent:
Certificate Authority Authorization (CAA) is a DNS Resource Record defined in RFC 6844 - https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc6844/ , published in January 2013. It allows a DNS domain name holder to specify one or more Certification Authorities (CAs) authorized to issue certificates for that domain and, by consequence, that no other CAs are authorized.
The intent of this motion is to make it mandatory for CAs to check CAA records at issuance time for all certificates issued (except in one uncommon case), and to prevent issuance if a CAA record is found which does not permit issuance by that CA. This therefore allows domain owners to set an issuance policy which will be respected by all publicly-trusted CAs, and allows them to mitigate the problem that the public CA trust system is only as strong as its weakest CA.
Note that CAA is already a defined term in the BRs and so does not need definitional text to be provided by this motion.
-- MOTION BEGINS --
Add the following text to section XXX ("XXX") of the Baseline Requirements:
As part of the issuance process, the CA must check for a CAA record for each dNSName in the subjectAltName extension of the certificate to be issued, according to the procedure in RFC 6844, following the processing instructions set down in RFC 6844 for any records found. If the CA issues, they must do so within the TTL of the CAA record, or 1 hour, whichever is greater.
This stipulation does not prevent the CA from checking CAA records at other points in the issuance process.
RFC 6844 requires that CAs "MUST NOT issue a certificate unless either (1) the certificate request is consistent with the applicable CAA Resource Record set or (2) an exception specified in the relevant Certificate Policy or Certification Practices Statement applies." For issuances conforming to these Baseline Requirements, CAs MUST NOT rely on any exceptions specified in their CP or CPS unless they are one of the following:
* CAA checking is optional for certificates for which a Certificate Transparency pre-certificate was created and logged in at least two public logs, and for which CAA was checked.
* CAA checking is optional for certificates issued by an Technically Constrained Subordinate CA Certificate as set out in Baseline Requirements section 7.1.5, where the lack of CAA checking is an explicit contractual provision in the contract with the Applicant.
CAs are permitted to treat a record lookup failure as permission to issue if:
* the failure is outside the CA's infrastructure;
* the lookup has been retried at least once; and
* the domain's zone does not have a DNSSEC validation chain to the ICANN root.
CAs MUST document issuances that were prevented by an adverse CAA record in sufficient detail to provide feedback to the CAB Forum on the circumstances, and SHOULD report such requests to the contact(s) stipulated in the CAA iodef record(s), if present. CAs are not expected to support URL schemes in the iodef record other than mailto: or https:.
Update section 2.2 ("Publication of Information") of the Baseline Requirements, to remove the following text:
Effective as of 15 April 2015, section 4.2 of a CA's Certificate Policy and/or Certification
Practice Statement (section 4.1 for CAs still conforming to RFC 2527) SHALL state whether
the CA reviews CAA Records, and if so, the CA’s policy or practice on processing CAA Records
for Fully Qualified Domain Names. The CA SHALL log all actions taken, if any, consistent with
its processing practice.
and replace it with:
Effective as of XXX, section 4.2 of a CA's Certificate Policy and/or Certification
Practice Statement (section 4.1 for CAs still conforming to RFC 2527) SHALL state the CA’s policy or
practice on processing CAA Records for Fully Qualified Domain Names; that policy shall be consistent
with these Requirements. It shall clearly specify the set of Issuer Domain Names that the CA
recognises in CAA "issue" or "issuewild" records as permitting it to issue. The CA SHALL log all actions
taken, if any, consistent with its processing practice.
Add the following text to the appropriate place in section 1.6.3 ("References"):
RFC6844, Request for Comments: 6844, DNS Certification Authority Authorization (CAA) Resource Record, Hallam-Baker, Stradling, January 2013.
-- MOTION ENDS --
The review period for this ballot shall commence at 2200 UTC on XXX, and will close at 2200 UTC on XXX. Unless the motion is withdrawn during the review period, the voting period will start immediately thereafter and will close at XXX. Votes must be cast by posting an on-list reply to this thread.
A vote in favor of the motion must indicate a clear 'yes' in the response. A vote against must indicate a clear 'no' in the response. A vote to abstain must indicate a clear 'abstain' in the response. Unclear responses will not be counted. The latest vote received from any representative of a voting member before the close of the voting period will be counted. Voting members are listed here: https://cabforum.org/members/
In order for the motion to be adopted, two thirds or more of the votes cast by members in the CA category and greater than 50% of the votes cast by members in the browser category must be in favor. Quorum is currently XXX members – at least that many members must participate in the ballot, either by voting in favor, voting against, or abstaining.
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