[cabfpub] Draft CAA motion (2)
gerv at mozilla.org
Thu Nov 10 14:25:58 UTC 2016
Here's a second version of the draft motion to make CAA mandatory.
* Change "10 minutes" to "CAA record TTL, or 1 hour, whichever is
greater". This allows CAs to request as much time as they like from
subscribers (by setting the TTL), but sets a lower bound so they don't
have to issue in 3 seconds if someone sets a silly TTL.
* Change "for all domains in the certificate" to "for each dNSName in
the subjectAltName extension of the certificate to be issued".
* Remove "after all other validation has been completed, ".
* Allow opting-out of CAA checking for CT certs if the precert was checked.
* Allow opting-out of CAA checking for Technically Constrained sub-CAs
where it's a contractual provision.
* Change the DNSSEC provision to be "the zone does not have a DNSSEC
validation chain to the ICANN root".
* Remove "CAs MUST keep records of the responses to all CAA DNS requests.".
* Changed "log" to "document" in the section on feeding back to the CAB
* Clarify the sentence about Issuer Domain Names by adding 'in CAA
"issue" or "issuewild" records'.
* Rejig the wording of section 2.2, as there are now exception
Would anyone like to suggest the appropriate section of the BRs to which
the first section of text should be added?
I also propose that the effective date of this change (written into the
new section 2.2) should be six months after the voting period ends. I am
proposing six months rather than three because it requires a reasonable
amount of development work within a CA's infrastructure.
*Ballot XXX - Make CAA Checking Mandatory
The following motion has been proposed by Gervase Markham of Mozilla and
endorsed by XXX of XXX and XXX of XXX:
*Statement of Intent*:
Certificate Authority Authorization (CAA) is a DNS Resource Record
defined in RFC 6844 - https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc6844/ ,
published in January 2013. It allows a DNS domain name holder to specify
one or more Certification Authorities (CAs) authorized to issue
certificates for that domain and, by consequence, that no other CAs are
The intent of this motion is to make it mandatory for CAs to check CAA
records at issuance time for all certificates issued (except in one
uncommon case), and to prevent issuance if a CAA record is found which
does not permit issuance by that CA. This therefore allows domain owners
to set an issuance policy which will be respected by all
publicly-trusted CAs, and allows them to mitigate the problem that the
public CA trust system is only as strong as its weakest CA.
Note that CAA is already a defined term in the BRs and so does not need
definitional text to be provided by this motion.
*-- MOTION BEGINS --*
Add the following text to section XXX ("XXX") of the Baseline Requirements:
As part of the issuance process, the CA must check for a CAA record
for each dNSName in the subjectAltName extension of the certificate
to be issued, according to the procedure in RFC 6844, following the
processing instructions set down in RFC 6844 for any records found.
If the CA issues, they must do so within the TTL of the CAA record,
or 1 hour, whichever is greater.
This stipulation does not prevent the CA from checking CAA records
at other points in the issuance process.
RFC 6844 requires that CAs "MUST NOT issue a certificate unless
either (1) the certificate request is consistent with the applicable
CAA Resource Record set or (2) an exception specified in the
relevant Certificate Policy or Certification Practices Statement
applies." For issuances conforming to these Baseline Requirements,
CAs MUST NOT rely on any exceptions specified in their CP or CPS
unless they are one of the following:
* CAA checking is optional for certificates for which a
Certificate Transparency pre-certificate was created and logged
in at least two public logs, and for which CAA was checked.
* CAA checking is optional for certificates issued by an
Technically Constrained Subordinate CA Certificate as set out in
Baseline Requirements section 7.1.5, where the lack of CAA
checking is an explicit contractual provision in the contract
with the Applicant.
CAs are permitted to treat a record lookup failure as permission to
* the failure is outside the CA's infrastructure;
* the lookup has been retried at least once; and
* the domain's zone does not have a DNSSEC validation chain to the
CAs MUST document issuances that were prevented by an adverse CAA
record in sufficient detail to provide feedback to the CAB Forum on
the circumstances, and SHOULD report such requests to the contact(s)
stipulated in the CAA iodef record(s), if present. CAs are not
expected to support URL schemes in the iodef record other than
mailto: or https:.
Update section 2.2 ("Publication of Information") of the Baseline
Requirements, to remove the following text:
Effective as of 15 April 2015, section 4.2 of a CA's Certificate Policy and/or Certification
Practice Statement (section 4.1 for CAs still conforming to RFC 2527) SHALL state whether
the CA reviews CAA Records, and if so, the CA’s policy or practice on processing CAA Records
for Fully Qualified Domain Names. The CA SHALL log all actions taken, if any, consistent with
its processing practice.
and replace it with:
Effective as of XXX, section 4.2 of a CA's Certificate Policy and/or Certification
Practice Statement (section 4.1 for CAs still conforming to RFC 2527) SHALL state the CA’s policy or
practice on processing CAA Records for Fully Qualified Domain Names; that policy shall be consistent
with these Requirements. It shall clearly specify the set of Issuer Domain Names that the CA
recognises in CAA "issue" or "issuewild" records as permitting it to issue. The CA SHALL log all actions
taken, if any, consistent with its processing practice.
Add the following text to the appropriate place in section 1.6.3 ("References"):
RFC6844, Request for Comments: 6844, DNS Certification Authority
Authorization (CAA) Resource Record, Hallam-Baker, Stradling,
*-- MOTION ENDS -- *
The review period for this ballot shall commence at 2200 UTC on XXX, and
will close at 2200 UTC on XXX. Unless the motion is withdrawn during the
review period, the voting period will start immediately thereafter and
will close at XXX. Votes must be cast by posting an on-list reply to
A vote in favor of the motion must indicate a clear 'yes' in the
response. A vote against must indicate a clear 'no' in the response. A
vote to abstain must indicate a clear 'abstain' in the response. Unclear
responses will not be counted. The latest vote received from any
representative of a voting member before the close of the voting period
will be counted. Voting members are listed here:
In order for the motion to be adopted, two thirds or more of the votes
cast by members in the CA category and greater than 50% of the votes
cast by members in the browser category must be in favor. Quorum is
currently XXX members – at least that many members must participate in
the ballot, either by voting in favor, voting against, or abstaining.
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